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Katedra politologie Fakulty sociálních studií

Rádi bychom všechny pozvali na přednášku Petera Emersona (ResearchGate), ředitele belfastského The de Borda Institute, s názvem „Brexit wrecks it! Is majority voting democratic?“. Přednáška zazní v úterý 4. dubna od 12:00 v místnosti P24.



The Brexit vote was a nonsense.  The outcome did not represent the will of the people.  Indeed, it could not.  The two-option majority vote is the oldest, most divisive, most primitive and most inaccurate measure of collective opinion ever invented!  But there are better ways of making decisions.

For instance, we could use multi-option voting, so to identify the option with the highest average preference.  It is more inclusive and more accurate.  But average means every voter, not just a majority of them.  Ah ha!  This points system is also non-majoritarian.  If it were the norm, there would be no further justification for majority rule, anywhere.  Alas, in the Czech Republic, Germany, the Netherlands etc., politicians believe in majority rule; they use majority voting; and after many elections, they spend days, weeks or even months trying to sort out a majority or grand coalition.  So why not a points system and power-sharing?  Better that, surely, than giving everything to just a few or, at worst, to just one individual… called Trump.  Furthermore, majority rule was a cause of war in Northern Ireland, the Balkans, Rwanda, Ukraine etc..  It really has no justification at all!


Initially, Peter Emerson was the first lieutenant in a submarine.  But he left all that to become a volunteer teacher in a school for the poor in Africa, where majority rule has not been good.  Then, in 1975, this child of an Irish Protestant father and English Catholic mother went to Belfast.  Two years on, he suggested a points system of voting, only later to learn it had already been invented in 1884 by Lewis Carroll, Jean-Charles de Borda in 1770, and Nicholas Cusanus in 1435.  He has used Borda voting procedures in many demonstrations in Ireland North and South, in the rest of Europe, in Africa, America and, most recently, China; he speaks Russian, some French, and a little Chinese, but has forgotten most of his Kiswahili.  His latest book, From Majority Rule to Inclusive Politics, (Springer 2016), shows how a parliament could elect a government; it was launched in Dublin just three days before last year’s ‘chaotic‘ elections.

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