Možná témata doktorských prací na oboru Politologie FSS MU

Platí od jara 2018.

Jedná se o orientační nabídku, nikterak nelimitující individuální návrhy témat projektů.

 

prof. Stanislav Balík

  • Český antikomunismus
  • Proměny podoby a politických funkcí místních zastupitelských orgánů
  • Výzkum lokálních cleavages

doc. Pavel Dufek

I am open to discussing any reasonable topic in the field of political theory/political philosophy, including possible overlaps with adjacent disciplines (legal theory/philosophy, ethics etc.). That said, I am especially interested in proposals related to the following issue areas (subject to the availability of free PhD slots under my supervision):

  • Public reason and public justification. Promises and limits of the Gausian convergence model
    • The debate which has roots in Rawls’ idea of political liberalism has evolved into two distinct branches. On the one hand, we have the still dominant consensus conception (see: Quong; Hartley and Watson); on the other hand, the convergence conception has been steadily gaining ground and proponents (see: Gaus, Vallier, Billingham). Can the convergence conception satisfactorily respond to objections from insincerity, incompleteness, disunity, and others? Or shall we opt for the more exclusive but also more internally cohesive consensus conception? Which one provides more long-term stability (see e.g. Chung’s paper in AJPS 2020, or Kogelmann and Stich’s in APSR 2016)? What is the best way of dealing with diversity in a constitutional democracy? How much idealising can we afford in public reason theorising? Shall we ground public justification in freedom or in the value of civic friendship (see: Lister; Leland and van Wietmarschen)? Is the theory applicable to the real world? Is it useful for thinking about the law? Political legitimacy? And so on.
    • Gerald Gaus himself thought of his broader project – a ‘New Diversity Theory’ – as offering a novel and basically revolutionary way of doing political philosophy as such. Assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of this broader project is another possibility of approaching the topic.
    • This is a priority topic, as I have been recently doing some work on PR and PJ myself.
  • Methodology of political philosophy
    • Attention to methodological and metatheoretical issues has been steadily on the rise in recent years. Here the potential topics include ideal and non-ideal theory/utopianism and anti-utopianism (e.g. as applied to thinking about justice – see the recent work of David Estlund, Gerald Gaus, David Wiens and others); the place and nature of basic political concepts; the place of metaethics in political theorising; ways of dealing with normative pluralism in political theory. The field of social epistemology also largely belongs here, encompassing topics such as peer disagreement, group agency, judgment aggregation, and others.
    • Please think your ideas through carefully, this is an exciting but demanding area of research.
  • Theories of justice
    • For many decades the dominant topic in political philosophy is still going strong. Topics may include abstract reflection on issues such as fairness, equality of opportunity, rights and justice, site of justice, or scope of justice (this concerns transnational/global/cosmopolitan justice), or they may have more applied focus in areas such as climate justice, cosmopolitan justice, justice in education etc. Also, the relationship and/or reconcilability between justice and democracy may be taken up.
  • Recent advances in the theory of political representation
    • Any reasonable topic engaging contemporary debates and problems in the theory of political representation will be considered. This includes constructivism in political representation; lottocracy/sortition as an alternative; usefulness of the principal–agent core of representation; possibilities of transnational political representation; the relationship between theory of political representation and constitutional/electoral design; the role and place of parties, today and in the future; self-authorised and non-electoral representation; deliberative minipublics as representative bodies; the relationship between representation and democracy.
  • Epistemic theories of democracy
    • Can democratic decision-making produce better results than alternative regimes, and possibly even good results by some external standard? Indeed, can democratic legitimacy be based on the quality of democratic decisions? This somewhat counterintuitive idea has been recently explored in detail by several authors, among others Landemore (the Diversity Trumps Ability theorem), Goodin and Spiekermann, or Estlund (the Condorcet Jury Theorem), Anderson (experimentalism), or Knight and Johnson (pragmatist case for the priority of democracy). Some hybrid positions such as Peter’s Pure Epistemic Proceduralism or Schwartzberg’s Judgment Democracy are also worth considering, as is, after all, Habermas’s deliberative proceduralist model. This is an exciting area of research, and engagement with any of the contemporary approaches is welcome.
  • Epistocracy against democracy
    • Against the optimism of epistemic democrats, some authors (J. Brennan, I. Somin, B. Caplan) continue to harbour deep scepticism with respect to the quality of democratic decision-making, for reasons of voters’ repeatedly evidenced ignorance on important policy issues, politicians’ (understandable) pandering to these uneducated desires, or generally the inefficiency of collective decision-making. Instead, they suggest taking many issues out of democratic procedures, in essence depoliticising them. Accordingly, they express sympathies to what we might call, following D. Estlund, ‘epistocracy’ of experts. The payoff should be greater protection of freedom or avoidance of subjection to whims of ignorant majorities. Understandably, democratic theorists are in their majority not fans of this group of classically-tilted liberals. Is theirs a reasonable take on democracy?
  • Philosophy of human rights
    • What, if anything, are human rights? What is the best way of justifying human rights (instrumental/consequentialist, practice-based/political, non-instrumental/natural rights, social evolutionary)? Do we need to bother with philosophical justification in the first place? Which human rights are justifiable? What is the relationship between the best philosophical conception of human rights to extant lists, as found in both domestic and international law? Is human rights scepticism justified, and which type of scepticism? What about the politics of human rights, that is, their instrumentalisation by power politics (see e.g. Marxist- and realist-inspired critiques by Chandler, Douzinas and others)?
    • Serious inquiry into any of these areas will be considered; however, the research problem needs to be clearly delineated, as the debate has become quite advanced in many respects.

doc. Vlastimil Havlík

  • Antipolitika a antistranictví v České republice
    • Dizertační práce se zaměřením na problematiku obrazu politiky a politických stran v médiích a vybranými politickými aktéry. Je možné se též zaměřit na to, jak veřejnost vnímá politiku.
  • Osobnost a politika v České republice
    • Dizertační práce se zaměří na osobností rysy politiků, případně voličů a vliv na konkrétní aspekty politiky.
  • Nové politické strany a kvalita demokracie
    • Dizertační práce analyzuje vliv vstupu nových politických stran na kvalitu demokracie. Práce může být pojata jako případová, nebo komparativní studie.
  • Populismus, rámování a vodítka (cueing) a postoj k demokracii
    • Dizertační práce se zaměří na vliv rámování na percepci demokracie, zejména v České republice, ale může se jednat i o komparativní studie.
  • Populismus a volební chování – komparativní analýza
    • Dizertační práce se zaměří na analýzu populistických postojů veřejnosti, na jejich determinanty a politické efekty. Předpokládá se komparativní studie.
  • Nostalgie a politika v České republice
    • Dizertační práce se zaměří na různé efekty nostalgie na stávající politiku v České republice.
  • Evropská unie v diskurzu politických aktérů a médií
    • Dizertační práce se zaměřením na problematiku obrazu Evropské unie v médiích a vybranými politickými aktéry. Je možné se též zaměřit na to, jak veřejnost vnímá Evropskou unii.

prof. Jan Holzer

  • Moderní autoritarismy a současný výzkum nedemokracií
  • Současný konservatismus jako politická doktrína
  • Současná ruská opozice: případová studie specifického aktéra v nedemokratickém režimu

doc. Roman Chytilek

  • Experimentální výzkum politického rozhodování (vybraná témata)
  • Experimentální výzkum bezpečnosti (vybraná témata)
  • Vztah polarizace elektorátů a podoby/fungování stranických systémů

prof. Lubomír Kopeček

  • Strany politických podnikatelů (ve vybrané zemi či areálu)
  • Vybrané aspekty české, slovenské a polské politiky: strany a stranická soutěž, ústavně-politické instituce, politické osobnosti apod.

prof. Miroslav Mareš

  • Konceptualizace terorismu na Ukrajině
  • Spory o koncept extremismu v ČR
  • Vnitřní bezpečnostní politika v Rakousku

doc. Michal Pink

  • Volby, volební podpora a její regionální specifika (Election, electoral support and regionalisation)
    • Disertační práce zaměřena na regionální odlišnosti jak v rozložení volební podpory, tak i samotná regionalizace voleb.
  •  Personální stránka politikykdo jsou volení představitelé (Personal characteristic – who are the elected deputies and coucilors)
    • Sledování rysů volených zastupitelů a představitelů exekutivy, specifika víceúrovňového politika, jejich role ve společnosti před vstupem do politiky i ukončení aktivní dráhy

doc. Andrew Roberts

  • Billionaires in Politics
    • It is commonly believed that the richest citizens have an enormous influence on politics, but little research describes the political views of billionaires or how they influence politics. Students consider the opinions or influence of the very rich in the Czech Republic or elsewhere.
  • Biography and Politics
    • What affect do biographical traits have on political behavior? Do female politicians behave differently than male ones? Does higher education help politicians to be more successful? Are experienced politicians more effective than newcomers? Students can investigate these questions in the Czech Republic or other countries.

doc. Marek Rybář

  • Institutional Performance in New European Democracies
    • What are the effects of state institutions on political processes and policy performance in democracies of Central and Eastern Europe? While most of the academic literature treats institutions in the region as dependent variables, i.e. attempts to explain their emergence and changes, it is time to assess the extent to which they produce predictable patterns of effects. At an empirical level, it is important to identify configurations of state institutions and their impact on various political as well as policy outputs. At a theoretical level, we need to identify and reconstruct causal mechanisms that link institutional variation to policy outputs. Systematic comparisons of Central and East European cases are especially encouraged.
  • Determinants and Consequences of Elite Recruitment in New Democracies
    • While we know a great deal about macropolitical factors such as party manifestos, policy platforms, campaign strategies, and subsequent government outputs, much less is known about individual background and careers on positions and decision-making of political elites. Dissertations in this area may focus on the executives (ministerial level), legislatures (MPs) or both. One of the possible avenues for research in this area is the so-called sequential analysis: We first collect data on previous personal, educational, party and parliamentary (etc.) careers, particular “sequences” (career patterns) are identified, and these are then linked to activities of political elites (preferences, activities, communication styles etc.). Possible topics include explaining incidence of non-party technocratic ministers in party-based coalition governments, differences in management style of ministers with specialised (e.g. managerial) background and the generalist (career politician) ministers; determinants of voting of members of parliament in issues with no party line; career patterns of regional chief executives (Czech hejtman, Polish marszalek, Slovak predseda VÚC) etc.
  • Impact of conservative social movements on political parties
    • In recent years, we have seen the rise of conservative social initiatives in various European countries aiming at halting, or preventing the adoption of, measures advocated by the LGBT transnational movement. While the conditions under which the LGBT movements emerge and operate are relatively well explored, much less is known about their opponents. Under what conditions and with what consequences do socially conservative initiatives emerge? What is their tactical positioning, what are their organizational strategies and repertoires of activities? And, perhaps crucially, what is their relationship with, and impact upon, existing and emerging political parties? Recent referenda on same sex marriages in Croatia, Slovenia and Slovakia, as well as citizens’ petitions in Finland and Romania, to cite just a few examples, provide rich empirical material for exploration. Possible dissertation topics include (but are not limited to) explorations of how conservative social movements impact upon inter-party competition and cooperation, and how established and emerging parties benefit (or are hurt) by the new conservative political agenda. Exploring the impact of these movements on parties in the context of migration crisis in Europe is also a suitable topic.

doc. Peter Spáč

  • Distribuce veřejných zdrojů a politické zájmy (Pork Barrel Politics)
    • Disertační práce zaměřena na problematiku a jednotlivé aspekty distribuce veřejných zdrojů v kontextu stávajících politických zájmů
  • Vztah veřejné správy a společnosti (The Relationship between Public Administration and Society)
    • Výzkum veřejné správy, jejího fungování, její výstupů a jejího vztahu ke společnosti. Tematicky sem náleží více okruhů jako např. poskytování informací,
      transparentnost veřejné správy nebo jednotlivé politiky s dopadem na chování společnosti v konkrétních vztazích a oblastech („nudge“).
  • Volby a referenda (Elections and Referendums)
    • Disertační práce zaměřená na oblast voleb nebo referend. Pokrývá široké spektrum témat typu volební reformy, praxe využívání referend a volební
      chování. V úvahu připadá zaměření na konkrétní případy, nebo srovnávací charakter výzkumu.

doc. Věra Stojarová

  • Extremismus a radikalismus v Evropě
  • Výzkum bezpečnosti/politiky v areálu západního Balkánu
  • Výzkum konfliktů

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