(Un)Sustainable Development of Minors in Libyan Refugee Camps in the Context of Conflict-Induced Migration
by Magdalena El Ghamari, and Monika Gabriela Bartoszewicz
Journal: Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050)
Abstract: This paper looks at the challenges to the sustainable development of migrant and refugee children in Libyan refugee camps and migrant detention centres. Libya, next to Syria, is still the most destabilised Arab country with a myriad of conflicting parties, warlords, militias, terrorist organisations as well as smugglers and traffickers that continuously compete in a complex network of multidimensional power struggles. Our single case study based on ethnographic fieldwork adopts the human security approach, which provides security analysis with an inherently “sustainable” dimension. In the paper we provide an overview of the empirical study carried out in seven Libyan refugee camps (Tripoli, Tajoura, Sirte, Misrata, Benghazi, Derna and Tobruk) between 2013 and 2019. Our findings show that for refugee children even everyday activities pose a danger to health and life, and the many threats to their security encompass a broad spectrum from health to safety, from education to falling prey to bundlers from terrorist organisations and paramilitary militias. These issues, undoubtedly pertinent on the individual level of analysis, are further exacerbated by the underlying, conflict-induced factors and preclude a safe and secure environment.
Keywords: Libya; violent conflicts; children; human security; migration; refugee camps; sustainable development
How to cite: EL GHAMARI, Magdalena a Monika Gabriela BARTOSZEWICZ. (Un)Sustainable Development of Minors in Libyan Refugee Camps in the Context of Conflict-Induced Migration. Sustainability, Basel: MDPI, 2020, roč. 12, č. 11, s. 1-19. ISSN 2071-1050. doi:10.3390/su12114537.